Violence by men against women is not new, but recognition of this behavior as a social problem is recent. The Shelter Movement for battered women began as a grass roots effort in the 1970s when women acted on a need which society had not previously understood-the need to provide refuge for women who were being physically and emotionally abused by the men closest to them. Chapters included: Are You a Battered Woman?; Why Does it Happen?; The Battering Man; What Can I Do?; Neighbors, Family and Friends; Why Contact a Shelter?; Medical Care and Psychological Counseling; The Legal System; To Stay or Not To Stay; and Taking Stock, Taking Action.